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Modern Trends in Physics Research Seminar - prof. Katarzyna Pogoda

The Faculty of Physics cordially invites you to MTPR Seminar on "Rheological phenomena in biological systems and their importance in brain tumour development", which will be delivered by prof. Katarzyna Pogoda from the Institute of Nuclear Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Krakow Poland.
The event will be held on January 25, 2023, between 1 pm-2 pm, online via Microsoft Teams (Meeting ID: 319 721 816 497; password: cSaLPY)

The brain is one of the softest tissues in the body that responds in a time-dependent manner when subject to different loading conditions. Under compression, tension or shear it behaves as a non-linear, viscoelastic body, and the response to shear deformation is often different from the response to uniaxial strain. Despite its natural softness, brain tissue compression stiffens, and the cells within the brain tissue are exposed to forces and stiffnesses higher than those predicted from measurements in the low strain limit of tissue samples ex vivo. In this regard, it is important to understand how brain cells adapt to increased stiffness of their surrounding and whether this implies changes in their fate and function. In parallel, the brain is also highly viscous, and brain cells’ response to viscosity is different from their response to elastic resistance. The recent development of soft viscoelastic materials where the elastic and viscous moduli can be independently tuned has opened up the possibility to characterize the impact of both elasticity and viscous dissipation on brain cells. The potential of mechanical stimuli to directly influence cell function is relevant to brain tumour growth and essential for understanding how cells and tissues develop under normal conditions and how they change when exposed to altered mechanical loads. Increased mechanical characterization of the brain and further investigation of the mechanobiology of single brain cells under active mechanical forces have both diagnostic and therapeutic relevance.

More information about the seminar is available here.